Seizures are temporary alterations in brain function resulting in an abrupt onset of motor, sensory or psychic symptoms. Except when seizures follow one another closely for an extended period of time, they are not considered life threatening. Emergency management of a patient experiencing a seizure is essentially preventing injury during the seizure and supportive therapy post seizure.
There are multiple causes of seizures:
While all patients with epilepsy have seizures, many more patients have a single seizure during life and do not have epilepsy. Ten percent of the U.S. population will have at least one seizure in their lifetime, while the incidence of epilepsy is less than 1%.
There are three major forms of seizures: