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  1. Pica is defined as the consumption of nonfood materials for a period of at least one year.
  1. Pica can be diagnosed in children as young as 18 months.
  1. Some definitions of pica include mouthing of objects.
  1. Pica is the most common eating disorder in individuals with developmental disorders.
  1. Pica is not considered pathologic as it is a culturally sanctioned practice in some countries.
  1. Consequences of pica behavior can be both benign or life-threatening.
  1. Pica can affect:
  1. Pica may be caused by:
  1. Geophagia is the most common type of pica.
  1. Amylophagia is the second most common type of pica.
  1. There is an association with patients who consume glue and patients who have sickle cell disease.
  1. Complications of pica can include:
  1. Intraoral signs of pica can include:
  1. If pregnant women show intraoral signs of pica, the dental health care professional should directly question the patient about pica behavior.
  1. Treatment of pica may include: