It is important to understand the landmarks normally seen on panoramic images in order to prevent misdiagnosis of a radiopaque or radiolucent area. For the purposes of this course, we will focus on the structures that are most commonly viewed in panoramic images. For additional information, a review of the anatomic structures can be found in the article by Farman2 and the text by Iannucci & Howerton.1
Figure 2. Normal Anatomical Landmarks.3
Figure 3. Example of Pathology and Variations of Normal.