Chris graduated with a degree in Microbiology at the University of Liverpool in 1994 and then went on to study for a PhD in Chemical Engineering at The University of Birmingham. This somewhat unconventional entry into dental research came via biofilm modeling which led to his appointment at the Eastman Dental Institute – University College London as a research fellow between 2000 and 2005.
In 2005, Chris was appointed as Lecturer in Oral Biology at the University of Liverpool where his experience of biofilm modeling complimented the research group themes of caries and plaque-related disease. Chris developed a biological model of dental caries which acquires enamel lesions in less than two weeks and continued his interests in imaging by studying the natural fluorescence of dental plaque. More recently, he has revisited photodynamic therapy by looking at the lethal photosensitization of periodontal pathogens by means of their intrinsic porphyrins.
Chris served on the British Society for Oral and Dental Research (BSODR) Oral Microbiology and Immunology Group (OMIG) management committee from 2008 to 2011 and then again for a second term from 2015 to 2018. Chris was also elected onto the management board of the BSODR in 2017. He is also on the editorial board of the Journal of Medical Microbiology.